To know about Kolkata
Kolkata metropolis, under the authority of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation is not very big and has a region of 185 km². The Kolkata urban agglomeration, however, has incessantly long-drawn-out and as of 2006, the urban agglomeration (Kolkata Metropolitan Area) is increase over 1750 km² and comprises of 157 postal areas. The urban agglomeration is officially administered by more than a few local governments as well as 38 local municipalities. The urban agglomeration comprises of 72 cities and 527 towns and villages. The housing areas of Kolkata city district slot in parts of the districts North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly and Nadia.
The east-to-west measurement of the appropriate metropolis is fine, stretching from the Hooghly River in the west to approximately the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass in the east, a distance of approximately 56 km. The north-south development is approximately alienated into North, Central and South Kolkata. North Kolkata area is the oldest part of the metropolis, with 19th century structural design and fine alleyways. The ambience in this area is evocative of the aged Kolkata. South Kolkata grew more often than not after self-government and consists of best localities. The Salt Lake City (Bidhan Nagar) region to the northeast of the metropolis is a intended part of Kolkata. Rajarhat, also called New Town, is the latest rural community being urbanized on the north-eastern outer edge of Kolkata metropolis.
Central Kolkata houses the innermost business district around the B. B. D. Bagh area. The government secretariat, General Post Office, High Court, Lalbazar Police HQs and several other government and private offices are situated here. The Maidan is a big open meadow in the spirit of the metropolis where several sporting proceedings and public meetings are held. Several companies have set up their offices approximately the region south of Park Street which has become a minor Central Business District.
Kolkata is the main business, commercial and financial core of eastern India and the northeastern states. It is home to the Calcutta Stock Exchange India’s large size bourse. It is also a chief commercial and military port, and the merely city in the area to have an international airport. Once India’s most important city and Capital, Kolkata knowledgeable a fixed economic decline in the years subsequent India’s independence due to the common unsteabilized political situation and rise in trade-unionism supported by left-wing parties. Between the 1960s to the mid 1990s, flight of assets was huge as many large factories were closed or downsized and businesses relocated. The lack of capital and capital joined with a universal glut in insist in the city’s customary industries added to the miserable state of the city’s financial system. The liberalization of the Indian financial system in the 1990s along with the vote of a new reformist Chief Minister, Buddhadeb Bhattacharya has resulted in the development of the city’s fortunes.
Until recently, supple creation had always been the standard in Kolkata, and the relaxed sector has comprised more than 40% of the labor strength. State and central government workers make up a big proportion of the city’s labor force. The city has big inexpert and semi-skilled labor inhabitants, along with other manual and knowledge staff. Kolkata’s financial revitalization was led mainly by IT services, with the IT sector rising at 70% yearly two times that of the national average. In fresh years there has been a rush of investments in the housing communications sector with more than a few new projects coming up in the metropolis. Kolkata is home to many manufacturing units operated by big Indian corporations with product ranging from electronics to jute. Some distinguished companies headquartered in Kolkata include ITC Limited, Bata India, Birla Corporation, Coal India Limited, Damodar Valley Corporation, United Bank of India, UCO Bank and Allahabad Bank Vijaya Bank. Recently, various events like adoption of “Look East” policy by the government of India, Gap of the Nathu La Pass in Sikkim as a edge trade-route with China and huge interest in the South East Asian countries to enter the Indian market and invest have put Kolkata in an beneficial site.
It is provided by the Kolkata accommodation railway and the Kolkata Metro as healthy as by trams and buses. The cover network is widespread and extends into the distant outer edge. The Kolkata Metro, run by the Indian Railways, is the oldest subversive scheme in India. It runs similar to the Hooghly and spans the north-south distance end to end of the metropolis covering a coldness of 16.45 km. Buses are the favored mode of transport and are run by both government agencies and private operators. Kolkata is India’s only residual city to have a tram network, operated by Calcutta Tramways Company. The slack tram services are controlled to certain areas of the metropolis. In recent times introduced lavishness air-conditioned buses also attach parts of the metropolis to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport for on daily basis travelers.
Hired forms of mechanized transport comprise the all-yellow metered taxis, while auto rickshaws ply in exact routes. Almost all the taxis in Kolkata are Ambassadors. This is different most other cities where Tata Indica or Fiats are more ordinary. In some areas of the metropolis, cycle rickshaws and hand-pulled rickshaws are also patronized by the civic for short distances. Personal owned vehicles are less in figure and usage compared to other chief cities. On the other hand, the city witnessed a stable boost in the number of registered vehicles; 2002 data showed in the direction of 44% over a phase of seven years. The road gap in the metropolis is only 6%, compared to 23% in Delhi and 17% in Mumbai, creating main traffic troubles. Kolkata Metro Railway and a numeral of new roads and flyovers have decongested the traffic to some level.
Kolkata has two main long distance railway stations at Howrah Station and Sealdah. A third station named Kolkata has been launched in early 2006. The metropolis is the headquarters of two divisions of the Indian Railways Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway.
The city’s only airport, the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum to the north of the metropolis operates both domestic and international flights. Kolkata is also a major river port in eastern India. The Kolkata Port Trust manages both the Kolkata docks and the Haldia docks. There are passenger services to Port Blair in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and cargo ship service to a variety of ports in India and abroad, operated by the Shipping Corporation of India. Also there are ship services linking Kolkata with its lookalike metropolis of Howrah.
Inhabitants of Kolkata are called Calcutta’s. Since of 2001, Kolkata metropolis had an inhabitant of 4,580,545, At the same time as the urban agglomeration had a residents of 13,216,545. The sex ratio is 825 females per 1000 male’s which is subordinate than the nationwide average, because many functioning males come from rural areas, where they go away at the back their families. Kolkata’s literacy rate of 80.82% exceeds the all-India standard of 64.81%. Kolkata Municipal Corporation part has registered an enlargement rate of 4.12%, which is the lowest surrounded by the million-plus cities in India.
Bengalis encompass the preponderance of Kolkata’s inhabitants, with Marwaris and Bihari communities forming a large piece of the minorities. Some of Kolkata’s notable communities include Chinese, Tamils, Marwaris, Anglo-Indians, Armenians, Tibetans, Maharashtrians and Parsis. Main languages spoken in Kolkata are Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, English, Maithili, and Bhojpuri. According to the 2001 census, 77.67% of the population in Kolkata is Hindu, 20.17% Muslim and 0.89% Christian. Other minorities such as Sikhs, Buddhist, Jews and Zoroastrian comprise the rest of the city’s inhabitants. 1.51 million people, who constitute about a third of the city’s population, be alive in 2,011 registered and 3,500 unregistered slums.
Kolkata reported 67.16% of total particular and Local Laws (SLL) crimes registered in 35 Indian jumbo cities. Kolkata police district registered 10,753 IPC cases in 2004, which was 10th highest in the nation. The crime rate in the city was 81.45 per 100,000 against the national rate of 168.89 in 2004. Kolkata’s Sonagachi area, with more than 10,500 sex workers, is one of India’s largest red-light districts.
Kolkata has extended been recognized for its literary, artistic and revolutionary inheritance. As the previous capital of India, Kolkata was the origin of modern Indian literary and artistic thought. Kolkata’s be inclined to have a special approval for art and literature; its institution of welcoming new talent has completed it a “city of furious artistic energy“.
A trait feature of Kolkata is the Para or neighborhoods’ having a strong sense of community. Typically, every para has its own community club with a clubroom and frequently, a playing field. People here usually spoil in adda or unhurried chat, and these adda sessions are often a form of freestyle thinker chat. The city has a ritual of political graffiti depicting everything from outrageous insult to amusing banter and limericks, comic strips to propaganda.
Key elements of Kolkata’s cuisine include rice and macher jhool (fish curry), with rasogulla, and misti dooi (sweet yoghurt) as dessert. Bengal’s vast range of fish-based dishes includes a variety of hiilsa arrangements. Street foods such as begunii , kati roll, phuchka (deep fried crêpe with tamarind and lentil sauce) and Chinese food from China Town in the eastern parts of the metropolis are quite popular. Men usually prefer Western-style clothing and also customary dhotis and kurtass, although women tend to prefer wearing usual saris.
Kolkata has many buildings adorned with Gothic, Baroque, Roman, Oriental and Indo-Islamic (including Mughal) motifs. The “City of Palaces“, as Kolkata is often called, is scattered with regal buildings. Some of the major buildings of this period are well maintained and several buildings have been affirmed “heritage structures“, while others are in a variety of stages of decompose. Recognized in 1814, the Indian Museum is the oldest museum in Asia and houses huge compilation of Indian natural history and Indian art. The Victoria Memorial, one of the major tourist attractions in Kolkata, has a museum documenting the city’s history. The National Library of India is India’s most important public library. Academy of Fine Arts and other art galleries hold usual art exhibitions.
Durga Puja is the majority distinguished of the religious and social festival in Kolkata. Durga Puja occurs over a era of five days in October. Other prominent festivals include Diwali, Eid, Holi, Christmas, poila boishak (new year), Saraswati puja and Poush parbon (harvest festival). Some of the cultural festivals are Kolkata Book Fair, Dover Lane music festival, Kolkata Film Festival and National Theatre Festival. Kolkata is sister city to Long Beach, California in the United States.